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viernes, enero 04, 2013

Men Act

The superb heading of this note, "Men Act", is know as "human action axiom". This axiom was proposed by Ludwig von Mises, who stated it and studied its implication along of all his known book "Human Action". From this axiom it is obtained whole implication of "praxeology -the study of human actions", in general, and of "economics -the study of human scarcities", in particular. This proposition is a synthetic a priori judgment; in other word, it is a new a priori knowledge. Let me for a moment to use Kantian test of necessity and absoluteness to characterize this pure sentence.

It can be said that this axiom it isn't an empirical judgment because in other way the notion of "act" -the purposeful or intentional behavior- is learned through experience. But learning assumption supposes the existence of a given notion of "act" -someone else should exhibit this notion- in such a way that another men, ignorants of it, must learn it; which is an absurd result; any attempt to deny the "act" notion implies its existence. Then, the action axiom predicates an a priori knowledge.

Now: is the action axiom an analytic judgment?, is the notion of “act” a notion contained in another known notion?. Whither this were so then the notion of "human", which the men know, contains -cogitated through identity- the notion of "act". But the "human" notion says nothing conclusive about of human behavior. Then, the "act" is a synthetic notion.

In other words, it has been proved that the action axiom is a synthetic a priori judgment. Moreover, there is no other sentence from which it could be derived the action axiom, because it contains the idea of necessity in its very conception. Similarly it exhibits strict and absolute, and not assumed and comparative, universality; any attempt to deny it implies its existence. The action axiom is an absolutely pure knowledge. In this way it has been shown the purity of the sentence "Men Act".

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